Source: Bureau of Immigration, Government of
Contact No: 011-26711384
ECNR (Emigration Check Not Required)/
ECR (Emigration Check Required)/
POE (Protector of Emigrants)
As per the Emigration Act, 1983, certain categories of
Indian passport holders require to obtain "Emigration Clearance" from
the office of Protector of Emigrants (POE) for going to certain countries.
As per Emigration Act, "emigration" means going out
of India of any Indian citizen with a view to taking up employment in a foreign
All Indian passports are divided into two categories as
Passports with endorsement:- "Emigration Check Required" (ECR)
Passports with endorsement:- "Emigration Check Not Required (ECNR)
The Indian passport holders who have the stamp of ECR, are
required to get emigration clearance from Protector of Emigrants if going out
to any country exceptPakistan, Bangladesh, European countries
(excluding CIS countries), all countries of North America, Japan, Australia,
New Zealand, Thailand, Singapore, South Korea and South Africa
Indian passport holders who have the stamp of ECNR, do not
require to take any emigration clearance from POE for going to any country.
Indians applying for passport are required to specify the desired category
i.e. ECR or ECNR in the application form itself. The following Indians are
entitled for ECNR stamp:
Persons going abroad in managerial capacity in Hotels/Restaurants,
Tea-Houses or other places of Public resort etc. possessing specialized Degrees
in these fields.
All Gazetted Government servants.
ll Income-Tax payers (including Agricultural Income-Tax Payers) in their
individual capacity. Proof of assessment to Income-Tax and actual payment of
Income-Tax for last three years is required and not merely payment of advance
tax. However in most cases as an assessment order is not issued separately by
the Income Tax Deptt., Income Tax Return which are stamped by Income Tax
authority are accepted.
All professional Degree holders, such as Doctors holding M.B.B.S. Degree in
Ayurved or Homoeopathy, accredited Journalists, Engineers, Chartered
Accountants, Cost Accountants, Lecturers, Teachers, Scientists, Advocates,
Spouses and dependent children upto the age of 24 years of category of
persons listed from (2) to (4).
All persons who have been staying abroad for more than three years (the
period of the three years could be either at a stretch or broken), and spouses
and children upto the age of 24 years of such persons.
Seamen who are in possession of CDC or Sea Cadets.
(i) who have passed final examination of three years B.Sc. Nautical
Sciences courses at T. S. Chanakya, Mumbai; and
(ii) who have undergone three months Pre-Sea training at any of the
Government approved Training Institutes such as T. S. Chanakya, T. S. Rehman,
T. S. Jawahar, MTI (SCI) and NIPM, Chennai, after production of identity cards
issued by the Shipping Master, Mumbai / Calcutta / Chennai.
All holders of Diplomatic/Official Passports.
Dependent children of parents whose passports are classified as ECNR in the
case of such children ECNR classification to be restricted until they attain 24
years of age.
Persons holding Permanent Immigration Visa, such as the Visas of UK, USA
Persons holding Graduate or higher Degrees. (If final certificate
not available, provisional certificate plus marksheet to be attached).
Persons holding 3 years Diploma equivalent to degree from recognized
Institution like polytechnics.
Nurses possessing qualifications recognized under the Indian Nursing
Council Act, 1947.
All persons above the age of 60 years.
No emigration clearance is required for persons possessing certificates of
vocational training from Government/Government recognized institutions.
If the passport of a person has been wrongly categorized as ECR, while he
was entitled for ECNR category, he will have to get it rectified from the
issuing Regional Passport Office (RPO) only before he undertakes a journey to
the countries for which emigration clearance is required. The immigration
officers at Airports are empowered to grant exemption only in emergency
The POE offices in India are situated at the following places
Canteen Block, Man Singh Road,
Tel No. 011-2338 2472
Building "E" Khira Nagar,
Tel No. 022-2614 7393
Room No. 116 A Wing,
3rd MSO Building, DF Block,
Salt Lake, Kolkata-700 064
Tel No. 033-2334 3407
Tamil Nadu Housing Board Complex,
Tel No. 044-2489 1337